The total installed capacity in India is calculated to be 145,554.97 mega watt, out of which 75,837.93 mega watt (52.5%) is from State, 48,470.99 mega watt (34%) from Centre, and 21,246.05 mega watt (13.5%) is from Private sector initiative.
- Generation capacity of 122 GW; 590 billion units produced (1 unit = 1kwh) CAGR of 4.6% over the last four years
- India has the fifth largest electricity generation capacity in the world Low per capita consumption at 606 units; less than half of China
- Transmission & Distribution network of 5.7 million circuit km – the 3rd largest in the world
- Coal-fired plants constitute 57% of the installed generation capacity, followed by 25% from hydel power, 10% gas based, 3% from nuclear energy and 5% from renewable sources
- Majority of Generation, Transmission and Distribution capacities are with either public sector companies or with State Electricity Boards (SEBs).
- Private sector participation is increasing especially in Generation and Distribution.
- Distribution licences for several cities are already with the private sector
- Many large generation projects have been planned in the private sector
- 100% FDI permitted in Generation, Transmission & Distribution - the Government is keen to draw private investment into the sector.
- Policy framework in place: Electricity Act 2003 and National Electricity Policy 2005.
- Incentives: Income tax holiday for a block of 10 years in the first 15 years of operation; waiver of capital goods import duties on mega power projects (above 1,000 MW generation capacity).
- Independent Regulators: Central Electricity Regulatory Commission for Central PSUs and inter-State issues. Each State has its own Electricity Regulatory Commission.
Major Players and Presence in value chain
Domestic Private Sector
- National Hydro Electric Power Corporation
- Nuclear Power Corporation
International Private Sector
- Tata Power
- RPG Group - CESC
- Reliance Energy
- China Light and Power (CLP)
- Marubeni Corporation
India possesses a vast opportunity to grow in the field of power generation, transmission, and distribution. The target of over 150,000 MW of hydel power germination is yet to be achieved. By the year 2012, India requires an additional 100,000 MW of generation capacity. A huge capital investment is required to meet this target. This has welcomed numerous power generation, transmission, and distribution companies across the globe to establish their operations in the country under the famous PPP programmes. The power sector is still experiencing a large demand-supply gap. This has called for an effective consideration of some of strategic initiatives. There are strong opportunities in transmission network ventures - additional 60,000 circuit kilometers of transmission network is expected by 2012 with a total investment opportunity of about US$ 200 billion.
The implementation of key reforms is likely to foster growth in all segments:
Opportunities in Generation for:
- Unbundling of vertically integrated SEBs
- “Open Access” to transmission and distribution network
- Distribution circles to be privatised
- Tariff reforms by regulatory authorities
- Coal based plants at pithead or coastal locations (imported coal)
- Natural Gas/CNG based turbines at load centres or near gas terminals
- Hydel power potential of 150,000 MW is untapped as assessed by the Government of India
- Renovation, modernisation, up-rating and life extension of old thermal and hydro power plants
Over 150,000 MW of hydel power
is yet to be tapped in India
India requires an additional 100,000 MW
generation capacity by 2012
- Allowing foreign equity participation up to 100 per cent in the power sector under the automatic route.
- Encouraging the private sector to set up coal, gas or liquid-based thermal projects, hydel projects and wind or solar projects of any size.
- Constitution of Independent State Electricity Regulatory Commissions in the states.
- Deregulation of the ancillary sectors such as coal.
- Introduction of the Electricity Act 2003 and the notification of the National Electricity and Tariff policies.
- Provision of income tax holiday for a block of 10 years in the first 15 years of operation and waiver of capital goods' import duties on mega power projects (above 1,000 MW generation capacity).
- Un-bundling of the State Electricity Boards (SEBs) into generation, transmission, and distribution companies for better transparency and accountability.
- Over 90,000 MW of new generation
capacity is required in the next seven
- A corresponding investment is
required in transmission and distribution
- Power costs need to be reduced from the
current high of 8-10 cents/unit by a
combination of lower AT & C losses,
increased generation efficiencies and
added low cost generating capacity
- Large demand-supply gap: All India
average energy shortfall of 7% and peak
demand shortfall of 12%
- The implementation of key reforms is
likely to foster growth in all segments:
- Unbundling of vertically integrated
- “Open Access” to transmission and
- Distribution circles to be privatised
- Tariff reforms by regulatory
- Opportunities in Generation for:
- Coal based plants at pithead or
coastal locations (imported coal)
- Natural Gas/CNG based turbines at
load centres or near gas terminals
- Hydel power potential of 150,000 MW
is untapped as assessed by the Government
- Renovation, modernisation, up-rating
and life extension of old thermal and
hydro power plants
- Opportunities in Transmission network
ventures - additional 60,000 circuit km of
transmission network expected by 2012
- Opportunities in Distribution through
bidding for the privatisation of
distribution in thirteen states that have
unbundled/corporatised their State
Electricity Boards – expected to take
place over the next 2-3 years
- Total investment opportunity of about
US$ 200 billion over a seven year horizon
For additional information: Ministry of
Power, Central Electricity Regulatory
Commission, State Electricity Regulatory
Content Source: www.infrastructure.gov.in