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  Chhattisgarh
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Chhattisgarh
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Chhattisgarh

 

Infrastructure

 

Social infrastructure

Since its creation in 2000, the state has laid particular emphasis on improving social infrastructure through a focus on poverty alleviation and rural development.

Chhattisgarh has a population of over 20.8 million (Census 2001). Its population density stands at 154 persons per sq km, much lower than the all India-average of 324 persons per sq km. Population growth rate in Chhattisgarh stood at 18 per cent during 1991-2001, lower than the national growth rate of 21.3 per cent during the same period.

Chhattisgarh has done remarkably great in a variety of fields of basic and necessary domains. The state has moved far in the field of health infrastructure with 717 primary health centres and 4792 sub-health centres in total. Chhattisgarh has sexually transmitted diseases (STD) clinics established in all its districts. There are blood bank facilities in 12 districts in the state. The two medical college hospitals at Raipur and Bilaspur, have a strength of over 1,000 beds offering a wide range of specialised services.

Chhattisgarh government is largely focusing on the development of social infrastructure bring in force as holistic approach in the over all socio-economic development of the state. The state of education infrastructure is gradually improving in the state. As per the 2001 census, Chhattisgarh has a male literacy rate of 77.4 per cent, which is 2.1 per cent higher than the national average. The average literacy rate in the state is 64.7 per cent. The state has 116 government colleges, 15 engineering colleges, 10 polytechnics, eight private pharmacy colleges, two medical colleges and three dental colleges in all.

Chhattisgarh's social performance (as measured through the Human Development Index in 2001) shows that certain parts of the state (Durg (0.62), Raipur (0.56) and Korba (0.56)) have a relatively well-developed social infrastructure as compared to other districts in the state. This may be attributed by industrialisation and better infrastructure network in these regions.

Access infrastructure

Chhattisgarh is a land locked state that is surrounded by six Indian states - Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. This makes its geographic location strategic. By developing its infrastructure the state can use its geographic location to develop a logistics and warehousing network to serve the region.

Chhattisgarh has a developed its physical infrastructure to attract the attention of domestic as well as foreign investors. Transport has been given immense focus The state has nearly 24,678 kilometers of national highway that accounts for the 71% of total road infrastructure in the state. there are 225 kilometers (6%), 3213 kilometers (9%) of major district roads, and 4814 kilometers (14%) of other district village roads in the state. The large road network spreading in the state is a strong factor for attracting huge investment in the state.

To meet state's growing transport requirements, the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is planning to develop five national highway projects aggregating 450 km through private sector participation. The state's highway network is being upgraded with funding from the Asian Development Bank. The project envisages improving 1,700 km of state roads by 2009 with an investment of USD 286 million. Another five projects aggregating USD 50 million of private investment are in various stages of implementation in the state.

The existing industrial areas, industrial parks, export zones etc. and those to be set up in future, will be connected by excellent roads with the national / state highways and important railway stations.

Given the significant presence of mineral-based industries in the state, availability of efficient railway links is critical. Currently, the total railway network in Chhattisgarh is 1,180 km. Of this, almost 861 km is electrified track.

All necessary efforts will be made and steps taken for early commencement of work on Dalli-Rajhara-Raoghat-Jagdalpur rail line project.

Recognising the potential for mining and metal industry related traffic in the state, the Indian Railways has established a new zone named South-East Central Railway with its headquarters at Bilaspur. Indian Railways is also implementing projects for new railway lines in the state aggregating 235 km at a cost of approximately USD 80 million.

Expansion and capacity augmentation of the railway network in Chhattisgarh will provide impetus to movement of goods within and outside the state. It will also improve Chhattisgarh's integration with the national railway system and enhance the competitiveness of industries located in Chhattisgarh's hinterland.

Chhattisgarh has one airport in Raipur, the state capital. Rapiur is connected by air to New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata etc.The state does have smaller airports / air strips helipads at a number of locations including Raigarh,Jashpur,Ambikapur, Bilaspur, Korba, Sarangarh,Jagdalpur, Bhilai etc.

Both domestic and foreign capital and public private partnership will be encouraged in the basic infrastructure projects. For this purpose, apart from the State Government implemented projects from its own resources, projects based on "BOT","BOOT" etc. will be permitted.

Power

Chhattisgarh has the unique distinction of being a power surplus state.

The total installed capacity is about 6,493.94 MW. Out of all the power generation capacity, 95.76 % is coal-based thermal generation. Hydel power generation accounts for only 2.12% of the total generation capcity. Korba West Power Station is the highest generator in the state, producing about 840 MW of electricity.


Source: Chhattisgarh State Electricity Board

Electricity consumption in Chhattisgarh increased from 2,977 million units (MU) in 1996-97 to over 3,540 MU in 2001-02, thus indicating a compounded annual growth rate of 3 per cent. On a per capita basis, electricity consumption in Chhattisgarh stands at 284 kWh per annum. Industry represents the largest consumer category, followed by domestic and agriculture consumers.


Source: Chhattisgarh State Electricity Board

NTPC has an installed thermal capacity of 2,100 MW and the the state electricity board units have a thermal capacity of 1280 MW and a hydel capacity of 130.85 MW. A great scope for infrastructural development in the field of thermal power generation exists that is estimated as 61,000 MW of additional thermal power and more than 2,500 MW of hydel capacity. The state electricity board units have a thermal capacity of 1,280 MW and a hydel capacity of 130.85 MW.

Chhattisgarh - Electricity generation projects in the pipeline

Project Capacity (MW)
Under Implementation
Thermal
Bhaiyathan/Surguja 1,000
Korba West Extn Unit 5&6 2X250
Ratija Korba 25
Sipat NTPC/Bilaspur 2,980
Mandi/Raigarh 1,000
Raigarh 1,000
Sub-Total 6,505
Planning
Thermal
Balkunthpur/Kona 1,000
Premnagar/Bishrampur 1,000
Chhuri/Korba 2X260
Korba FCI/Korba 2X210
Korba East/Korba 2X210
Bhilai/Durg 2X287
Korba Risdi site/Korba 2X535
Hydel
Mahan HEP 4X10
Moran HEP 4X30
Rehar I HEP 3X50
Rehar II HEP 3X50
Sub Total 5464
Total 11,969

Source: Chhattisgarh State Electricity Board

Communications infrastructure

Chhattisgarh has a very strong infrastructure for telecommunication. This has attracted many business units from across the globe. Many national and international telecom giants have started offering their services in the state. All districts in the state are linked with optical fibre cable and all district centres have Internet facilities. Cellular mobile telephony has gained considerable ground in the state with the presence of private cellular players such as Reliance, Birla AT&T and Airtel.

Industrial infrastructure

Chhattisgarh has several industrial parks / growth centres, which act as hubs of industrial development in the state.These include industrial parks in Bhilai, Korba, Borai in Durg, Urla in Raipur city, Siltara, Sirgitti in Bilaspur, among others.

These industrial estates are close to major cities and provide basic physical and social infrastructure facilities to industrial units. The Chhattisgarh State Industrial Development Corporation (CSIDC) manages these industrial estates. The state government has also set up a software technology park in Bhilai and another is being established at Korba.

For planning and development of basic infrastructure for new industries, initiative will be taken for preparation of an "Industrial Zoning Atlas". Development of private industrial areas will also be encouraged.The state plans to adopt cluster approach for setting up of new industries and suitable areas will be identified for development of herbal park, food park, aluminium park, metal park, cycle complex, apparel park, IT park, gem and jewelery park etc.

Provision of roads, water supply, power supply and other common facilities, their up-gradation and maintenance will be taken up from the State's own resources and through Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs).The SPVs will be set up under the industrial infrastructure up-gradation scheme of the Government of India.

To promote exports from the State, efforts will be made to set up "special economic zone", "agro export zone" and "air cargo complex". Efforts will also be made for upgradation of facilities in the existing "inland container depot". A dry port has been established at Urla in Raipur city, to facilitate movement of international trade cargo from the state.

Some of the infrastructure investment being planned in the state are:

  • A second dry port to be established by the Container Corporation of India

  • An industrial park on 750 acres of land at Raigarh with an investment of USD 8 million to be developed by Jindal Steel and Power

  • A new capital city, with an investment of USD 1 billion.The concept plan for the city covering over 7000 hectares has been finalised and it will be implemented over three phases.

Chhattisgarh State Industrial Development Corporation (CSIDC) has developed various Industrial Growth Centres & Industrial Areas namely Urla, Sarora, Bhanpuri, Rawabhata, Siltara in Raipur, Borai in Durg and Sirgitti, Tifra, Rani Durgawati in Bilaspur.

Key industrial centres

Raipur region

Rich reserves of minerals, limestone, and coal have made Raipur district one of the key industrial centres in the state. Raipur city is also the state capital and the government proposes to develop the city into a new world-class capital city. Raipur has 58 large and middle scale industries with prominent players such as Monnet Ispat, Century Cement, Lafarge and Ambuja Cement.

Durg-Bhilai region

The Durg-Bhilai region is rich in mineral deposits especially iron-ore, limestone and quartzite.The region is well connected by road and is just 50 km away from the Mana airport at Raipur. Major players located in the region include Bhilai Steel, the Steel Authority of India (SAIL) and Associated Cement Company (ACC).The Borai Industrial Growth Centre spread over 397 hectares is also in this region.

Bilaspur region

Bilaspur is a prominent industrial centre in Chhattisgarh.The district has a total population of 1.7 million.The presence of South Eastern Coalfields Ltd in the region has ensured thriving operations for ancillary industrial units in the area. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) is building the state's largest thermal power plant at Sipat in Bilaspur district.

The Sirgitti Industrial Growth Centre spread over 338 hectares is located in this region. Bilaspur is also the divisional headquarters for South Eastern Central Railways. Bilaspur's railway division is one of the most profitable in India, contributing about 17 per cent of the revenues of the Indian Railways.

Korba region

Korba district is known as the Electricity Capital of India.The region has rich reserves of coal and bauxite. It is connected to Bilaspur, the divisional headquarter for South-Eastern Central Railways by rail. It is about 200 km from Mana airport in Raipur. Major industries present in the region include mining (coal and bauxite), electricity generation and aluminum production.

 

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